ISSUE #60 – BASM Group has developed a unique, patented industrial-scale technology (C3N) based on the capture and accelerated conversion of CO2 using features such as solar energy, photosynthesis, seawater and autotroph microorganisms.
CO2 emissions are converted into products that can be used in a wide range of applications (including energy, nutritional, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and biotech) for which the markets are in constant growth.
CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS
Because of the human cycles of production and consumption, our food, energy and environment are interconnected. According to the projected growth of the world population (9.1 billion people by 2050) and consistent global development, it is increasingly difficult to satisfy our world with sufficient food and energy without severe impacts on our environment.
Human activity is moving dangerously towards the Earth’s natural cycle boundaries: the CO2 absorbed during photosynthesis (reduction) is later reintroduced into the atmosphere through the process of combustion (oxidation).
With the industrial revolution, humans have destroyed this natural balance by drastically increasing CO2 concentrations with additional oxidation.
According to the global scientific and environmental community, if current CO2 emissions rates continue, a point of no return of the cumulative CO2 concentration in the atmosphere will be reached before 2040. This will lead to irreparable damage with a lack of potable water, changes in food production conditions and increased mortality rates from natural disasters such as floods, storms, and droughts. Climate change is not only an environmental issue: it has deep economic and social consequences in the context of an ever-growing world population.
ACCELERATING CO2 REDUCTION BASED ON C3N
To contribute to reversing this situation, BASM developed a unique technology (third cycle of CO2) to accelerate CO2 reduction based on Carbon, Capture, Conversion and Neutralisation (C3N).
The company has focused its efforts on R&D, patents on processes and systems, characterisation of strain cultures, and the set-up of a first working production plant in Spain.
Scalable, flexible, certified, patented and profitable, BASM technology allows a real chemical reduction of 430 tonnes of CO2 into 100 tonnes of organic biomass per year per hectare of land, 60 times faster than the average CO2 absorption capacity of a forest. Using seawater, sunlight and CO2 as main ingredients within the closed environment of vertical photo bioreactors, single cell autotrophic microorganisms – the building blocks of life” – break CO2 molecules to generate carbon molecules (such as carbohydrates, lipids, minerals and proteins) and dioxygen during the photosynthesis process.
BASM technology turns 430 tonnes of CO2 into 100 tonnes of organic biomass per year per hectare of land.
MAKING USE OF BIOMASS
High-value products such as omega 3, sitosterols, antioxidants, carotenoids, amino acids, polysaccharides, carbohydrates, phycobiliproteins and natural colorants are extracted from the biomass. The remaining biomass is then transformed into nutritive products for human and animal feed, or can be processed into a bio crude oil with properties similar to the conventional crude oil but without heavy metals. Independently tested and certified products are now being sold to fast-growing and profitable markets: nutrition, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and biotech.
RAMPING UP THE CO2 COUNTER-ATTACK
To satisfy fast-growing demands, BASM is now deploying its technology by increasing its production capacities in different parts of the world.
In South East Asia, the first plants will be constructed at identified locations close to CO2-polluting factories.
Additional plant developments will emerge in other Asia Pacific countries, where climate conditions are optimal for BASM’s production process.
After the recent agreement at COP21 in Paris in December 2015, actions are now expected from political leaders. The low carbon model is on its way and BASM is looking forward to participating actively to the development of sustainability by providing natural products and developing green economies while acting on the neutralisation of greenhouse gases.
By B. Stroïazzo-Mougin, Founder and CEO, BASM Group
ILLUSTRATION: Value chain of CO2 conversion into organic carbon and processing into crude oil and high-value products sold in pharmaceutical, nutrient and cosmetic industries
Article published in the FOCUS Magazine “Green Power” – Issue #2 2016